iv Definitions


African Union An international organisation consisting of 54 African States. Its goal is to promote unity and cooperation amongst Member States.
Agreed Conclusions The Outcomes Document of the CSW, which contains recommendations to governments, NGO’s and institutes.
AusAID Australian Government Overseas Aid Program (AusAID) is the former Australian government agency that organised and runs Australia’s international aid program, aimed at reducing poverty in developing countries. This agency now falls under the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
Australian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) An Australian independent statutory organisation charged with protecting and promoting the human rights of all people in Australia.
Australian Permanent Mission to the UN in New York Aims at pursuing Australia’s interest in the United Nations, New York. A Mission is an Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate or Consulate-Mission General or Australian Trade Commission.
Australian Government Office for Women (OfW) The Australian Government Office for Women, which is part of the Australian Government Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C).
Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) A functional commission of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It is an international policy-making body committed primarily to women’s issues and gender equality globally. Representatives from 45 UN Member States gather annually for the CSW.
Conference of NGOs with Consultative Relationship with the United Nations (CoNGO) CoNGO is the primary support and platform for a civil society represented by a global community of informed, empowered and committed NGOs that fully participate with the UN in decision-making and programs leading to better a world; a world of economic and social justice.
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) An international law for women’s rights adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly. Often described as an international Bill of Rights for women and consisting of a preamble and 30 articles, it defines what constitutes discrimination against women and sets up an agenda for national action to end such discrimination.
Department of Social Services (DSS) The Department of Social Services is the Australian Government’s principal source of advice on social policy and works in partnership with other government and non-government organisations in the management of a diverse range of programs and services designed to support and improve the lives of Australians
Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) A United Nations body that promotes women as equal partners with men in all parts of life. Now merged into UN Women. One of six key organs of the United Nations, which is concerned with global economic, social and environmental challenges.
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) DFAT’s role is to advance the interests of Australia and Australians internationally. This involves working to strengthen Australia’s security; enhancing Australia’s prosperity; delivering an effective and highquality aid programme; and helping Australian travellers and Australians overseas.The department provides foreign, trade and development policy advice to the government, working work with other government agencies to ensure thatAustralia’s pursuit of its global, regional and bilateral interests is coordinated effectively.
Economic and SocialCouncil (ECOSOC) ECOSOC is responsible for the majority of the human and financial systems of the UN.
European Union (EU) An economic and political integrated entity combining 27 European States.
General Assembly Containing 193 Member States, the General Assembly is the main organ of the United Nations where policymaking and discussions of international issues takes place.
G77 A group of developing nations, consisting of 133 UN Member
International CriminalCourt (ICC) The first permanent, international court established to prosecute individuals for crimes such a genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.
International Non Government Organisation An Non Government Organisation (NGO) with an international focus and works on issues in States
International Research and Training Institutefor the Advancement ofWomen (INSTRAW) A United Nations institute dedicated to research and training in the field of women’s rights and gender equality. Now merged into UN Women.
International Women’sDay (IWD) Starting early in the 20th century, it was originally called International Working Women’s Day as a celebration for women’s economic, political and social achievements. IWD was first observed as a popular event after 1977 when the UN invited Member States to proclaim March 8 as the UN Day for women’s rights and world peace.
JUSCANZ An inter-governmental alliance that works collaboratively to supportive interventions. It consists of Japan, United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, plus Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Andorra, Korea, Liechtenstein, Mexico, San Marino, Turkey and sometimes Israel but only in UN Geneva.
League of Arab States A regional organisation comprising of States from the MiddleEast and North Africa. Currently, the Arab League has 22Member States. The Arab League’s goal consists of building stronger relationships between Member States, while maintaining their sovereignty.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) A set of 8 international development goals set out by theUnited Nations which each of the 193 Member States of the UN are to implement. Some of these goals include the eradication of extreme poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promotinggender equality and empowering women.
National Human RightsInstitutions (NHRIs) Independent institutions set up in a given State in order to monitor human rights and is advised by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Group of States considered not to be formally aligned with any another State and adopt a policy of independence. As of 2012, there are 120 Members and 21 observer States.
Non-Government Organisations (NGO) A legal organisation that works independently from any State or government.
Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI) Created in 1997, the Office was created to help promote the execution of the Millennium Declaration, the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action. Now merged into UN Women.
Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Consisting of 57 Member States, the OIC attempts to protect interests and well-being of Muslims and the progression of Muslim States.
Platform for Action (BPFA) (Beijing) Set out in the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995). It is an agenda for women’s empowerment and consists of 12 critical areas of concern for women. Aims at putting the key issues of the Nairobi World Conference of Women in 1985 into action.
UN Secretary-General (United Nations) Head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations. The Secretary-General also acts as the de facto spokesperson and leader of the United Nations. Secretaries-General serve five-year terms that can be renewed indefinitely, although none so far has held office for more than two terms The current Secretary General is Ban Ki-moon.
Under-Secretary- General of the United Nations (USG) A senior official within the United Nations System, normally appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Secretary-General for a renewable term of four years.
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) Established in 1976, UNIFEM financially supports programs that promote women’s rights and is an advocator of gender equality and has now been merged into UN Women.
United Nations Global Compact Encourages international businesses and corporations to adopt universal principles set out by the United Nations in the areas of labour, the environment, human rights and anti-corruption.
United Nations Human Rights Council An inter-governmental body of the United Nations which is responsible in the promotion of human rights globally. Made up of 47 UN Member States, the Human Rights Council discusses current human rights violations and makes recommendationson them.
UN Member States Countries that are Members of the United Nations GeneralAssembly. Currently there are 193 Member States.
UN Women ‘The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and theEmpowerment of Women’ became operational in January 2011, after combining four previous UN bodies working on gender equality: Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI)/ United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)/ International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW) and the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW).
Women’s Empowerment Principles (WEPs) A set of principles established by UN Women and the United Nations Global Compact, that proposes direction on how to empower women at work and in the community